Perma Pure’s Monotube Dryer for Most OEM and Laboratory Applications
Perma Pure MD™-Series gas sample dryers (Monotube Dryer) use a single Nafion™ tubing selectively permeable membrane to continuously dry gas streams removing only water vapor. These dryers operate over a wide range of temperatures, pressures and flow rates, and dry to dew points as low as -60°C.
- Flow rates up to 4 l/m
- Operating temperatures to max. 120° C
- Operating pressures to 100 psi (absolute)
- Straight or coiled configuration
- Corrosion resistant
- Standard dew points to – 25° C, with – 60° C possible in special cases (contact factory)
- No loss of analytes
- No moving parts
Principle of Operation
MD-Series gas dryers transfer moisture from one gas stream to a counter-flowing purge gas stream, much like a shell-and-tube heat exchanger transfers heat. Water molecules migrate through the Nafion™ tubing wall, transferring from the sample gas to the purge gas stream. The differential in the partial vapor pressure of water between the two gas streams drives the reaction, quickly drying the air or gas. Purge gas should be dry (-40°C dew point) air or other gas. If no dry gas is available, the differential in the water vapor pressure can be created by pulling a vacuum on the purge side by using a portion of the gas dried by the MD-Series dryer as the purge gas in a split-stream or reflux method. Visit the Purge Gas Configurations page to learn more about the purge methods Perma Pure customers deploy in their equipment.
MD Series Flow Diagram
Recommended Sample Gas Flow Rates:
0-0.2 lpm: MD-050 Series
0.1-2 lpm: MD-070 Series
1-4 lpm: MD-110 Series
Notes: 1MD-050 dryers are not offered in 96 and 144 inch lengths. 2MD-070 and MD-110 offer approximately the same drying performance. Specify MD-110 when pressure drop is a concern, MD-070 to minimize dead volume. For higher flow rates, please see our PD-Series dryers.
MD Dryer Series Performance Curves
NOTE: The pressure drop is per inch of dryer. For example, the pressure drop of 100 ml/min through an MD-050-24 is equal to 2.4 inches of water. These performance curves are based upon an inlet sample dew point of 20°C, a purge gas with a dew point of -40°C, and a purge flow rate which is 2-3 times the sample flow rate. For conditions higher than ambient temperature, it is assumed that the first half of the dryer will be used to bring the dew point down to ambient. For this reason, read the value of the next shorter dryer. For example, a stream with an initial dew point of 50°C, flowing at 2 slpm; an MD-070-48 should yield an outlet dew point of 6°C, the performance of the 24″ unit.
|Single Tube of 0.050″ O.D. Nafion|| |
Fluorocarbon or Polypropylene
|For Engineering drawings, click part number:||MD-050-F or P||MD-050-S|
|MD-050-12||1/8″||1/8″||1/8″||14″||10-5/8″||1/8″ or 1/16″||14″||11-1/2″|
|MD-050-24||1/8″||1/8″||1/8″||26″||22-5/8″||1/8″ or 1/16″||26″||23-1/2″|
|MD-050-48||1/8″||1/8″||1/8″||50″||46-5/8″||1/8″ or 1/16″||50″||47-1/2″|
|MD-050-72||1/8″||1/8″||1/8″||74″||70-5/8″||1/8″ or 1/16″||74″||71-1/2″|
|Single Tube of 0.070″ O.D. Nafion||Fluorocarbon or Polypropylene||Stainless Steel|
|For Engineering drawings, click part number:||MD-070/110-F or P||MD-070/110-S|
|MD-(070 or 110)-12||1/4″ or 1/8″||1/4″||1/4″||14-1/4″||10″||1/4″ or 1/8″||13-3/4″||10-3/4″|
|MD-(070 or 110)-24||1/4″ or 1/8″||1/4″||1/4″||26-1/4″||22″||1/4″ or 1/8″||25-3/4″||22-3/4″|
|MD-(070 or 110)-48||1/4″ or 1/8″||1/4″||1/4″||50-1/4″||46″||1/4″ or 1/8″||49-3/4″||46-3/4″|
|MD-(070 or 110)-72||1/4″ or 1/8″||1/4″||1/4″||74-1/4″||70″||1/4″ or 1/8″||73-3/4″||70-3/4″|
|MD-(070 or 110)-96||1/4″ or 1/8″||1/4″||1/4″||98-1/4″||94″||1/4″ or 1/8″||97-3/4″||94-3/4″|
|MD-(070 or 110)-144||1/4″ or 1/8″||1/4″||1/4″||146-1/4″||142″||1/4″ or 1/8″||145-3/4″||143-3/4″|
Perma Pure has created a series of short video presentations to describe the basic functionality of some of our products. The videos are posted below.